no place is more accessible - Carnegie is located just six miles from
downtown Pittsburgh at the intersection of Interstates 279 and 79 and
links with communities to the south by Route 50 and to the east and west by Noblestown Road.
So, truly, all roads do lead to Carnegie! It's a reminder
that Carnegie was the hub for many small rural communities whose
residents came for worship, health care, shopping and selling. Some farmers trucked produce to town on weekends to sell to shops,
restaurants and individuals.
Incorporated on March 1,
1894, Carnegie was formed when two smaller boroughs, Mansfield and Chartiers
facing each other across Chartiers Creek
and joined by family, geography, industry and religions, merged. The new
borough was named after Andrew Carnegie in return for his gift of
both Carnegie High School which he had built and the
Carnegie Free Library & Music Hall which
he had built and endowed, and which still keeps watch over the community
from its perch atop Library Hill today.
Because Chartiers Creek was
a navigable waterway for many millennia, native Americans were known to camp
here in the summers, hunting on the lush hillsides, then canoeing the
"Catfish Path" to the Ohio River to their winter camping grounds in Ohio. As
soon as European settlers made it to the point of the three rivers in
Pittsburgh, they began exploring Chartiers Creek, building settlements
and trading posts, one of which was on the flood plain at the oxbow of the
creek that later became Carnegie.
The early history of
Carnegie Borough echoes in the street names: Mansfield, Chartiers, Cubbage,
Bell, Sarah, and Doolittle. The neighborhoods organized so long ago still
criss-cross the hills and surround the town center on Main Street: Cubbage
Hill, Rosslyn Heights, Library Hill, and Irishtown.
earliest industry, along with farming, was whiskey production since
the extensive farms provided the grains that were distilled; markers of the Whiskey Rebellion are all around. As the
population grew, the chief industry became coal mining and the
railroads literally helped fuel the industrial expansion of Pittsburgh
and the United States.
Carnegie got his millions
when he sold Carnegie Steel, which became Superior Steel Company, the
largest industrial employer in Carnegie. Superior was joined by, at one
time, five other steel plants that produced every variety of basic and
specialty steel products used in manufacturing plants all over the United
States. Every new nationality to land and settle in Carnegie filled the
mills as their families filled Carnegie's neighborhoods.
The borough covers 1.3
square miles, and in the 2000 census reported a population of 8,396. Over 400 businesses have a
home address in Carnegie, from sole proprietors to corporate headquarters. Carnegie can accommodate any office or retail need from home-based to
multi-story office building.
downtown area on and about Main Street hosts shops and small offices in the
small-town style of storefronts along the street with living space or
businesses on the second or third floors. Many of the large stately houses
along Washington Avenue have been gentrified into offices, but maintain the
look and feel of the family homes they once were. To complement the small to
medium businesses, Carnegie Office Park is at the Rosslyn Farms exit
of the Parkway with six multi-story buildings and an extended stay hotel for